David Ackley's ideas about computing can be seen as anarchistic. The von Neumann architecture is the centrally-governed state; memory is passive, incapable of doing anything without executive action from the CPU. But this doesn't scale and isn't robust. It's optimized for speed.
Ackley says we have to forego determinism in order to build robust, scalable computations. But it seems that this requires a radically new conception of what it means to compute or even to program.