@mako I'm getting it. But protocols are the 'infrastructure of infrastructure' that can't be decentralised? So (2) is the option here, at this fundamental level?
Sorry to be going over Anarchism 101! But as a Brit and a (libertarian) socialist it's harder to see this kind of thing than for, say, an American anarchist? ;-)
And option (3) would be, create infrastructure-owning organisations that DO have structural reasons to act in the interests of their users. Equals user-governed coops?