Kate Raworth's "doughnut" does a nice job of expressing the objectives of economic development in the , but says nothing about the "how," leaving a vague taste of global state and NGO campaign for reforms.

This is where I find @luisrazeto, and other theorists of useful. But I think we still need to re-articulate solidarity economy on the basis of the climate crisis: if it "changes everything", the changes need to be understood in solidarity economy, too.

@Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto

For starters, networks of cooperatives recognizing biophysical limits and using circular resource flows.

@Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto

Or, shorter,
Networks of cooperatives using circular resource flows within biophysical limits.

@bhaugen @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto
I reckon the value of the doughnut (and the planetary boundaries it builds upon) is understanding what to prioritize so that local strategic discussions can take that into consideration, alongside what local competences and opportunities are.
-> what *should* we do, what *can* we do
(and then throw in the mix what makes us laugh and dance)

@bhaugen @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto
I've (we've) also argued (in academic papers) that grassroots activists see what is not being addressed by green capitalism or sustainability-as-usual or ecomodernist techno-utopia, and they tackle it, materially, artistically, with all possible means to hand.
the burden of proof is not (always) on activists and cooperatives to prove the issues they work on are important - but rather for policymakers (or wider society) to show these issues are NOT important.

@bhaugen @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto
... so it's two-way. communities at the grassroots are often already working on the how.
often they can take direction from the 'top' regarding the what.
and vice versa.

@ckohtala have you seen any community cooperatives connecting to other cooperatives and building bigger networks?

Those would be interesting stories.

Seems like the spreading arms could come from the grassroots too, no?

@Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto

@bhaugen @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto
yes, I agree! it's good to have interconnected series of bubbles with people and ideals overlapping :)
there must be many examples; I'm thinking of the groups in Finland (who I'm not researching but have some superficial awareness of) - cooperatives, associations, groups, individuals connected by an identity such as commons.fi at the regional level and then the European Social Forum at the bigger scale

@bhaugen @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto plus a quasi academic movement(s) - groups and individuals across Finland, especially in the smaller cities and rural regions, who align with 'degrowth' - some of them then assemble at the Degrowth conferences as well as Finnish events

@bhaugen @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto
some / many in the commons.fi network do align with the Solidarity Economy concept (as far as I know)

Are you seeing any economic relationships between the groups that could start to fill out more of a cooperative economic system?

@Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto


um, tentatively yes but fragmented, not to the extent you are indicating, I think. (not in the groups I observe.)
in Finland the tax office had a big (negative) impact on the Timebank for example.
(I need to foreground this topic more in my observations and interviews. thanks for these questions.)

I have a sense there could be some more mature (economic/use value/exchange value) connections like this between groups/cooperatives in e.g. Barcelona.
@Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto

> I have a sense there could be some more mature (economic/use value/exchange value) connections like this between groups/cooperatives in e.g. Barcelona.

Anybody from Barcelona here who knows?

@Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto

@ckohtala @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto @michaelafisher @guyjames

There's been some talk about open inventories between FairCoop local nodes, but I don't know if anything has happened. @zumbrunn was one of the people who talked it up.

But FairCoin is used by everybody and of course is economic to the extent that a cryptocurrency can be.

And CommonsCloud and other cooperative software offerings are also economic, thanks for the reminder.

@ckohtala @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto @michaelafisher @guyjames @zumbrunn

A where the community owns the farm would be another example of pretty deep economic cooperation. I think such things exist. @yova is that true?



In the questionnaire from last year 2 out of 79 CSAs answered they are collectivly owned and 13 that the farm is collectivly rented.

Some interesting examples are

- cloughjordancommunityfarm.ie/
- lueneburg.wirgarten.com
- ortoloco.ch/

@ckohtala @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto @michaelafisher @guyjames @zumbrunn

@bhaugen @yova @ckohtala @Matt_Noyes @luisrazeto @michaelafisher @zumbrunn @lynnfoster I have visited there, great place! Look up Red Gardens on YouTube if you want to see it.

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