The model is absolutely a key piece of the future of support for creative endeavors, but with $47.1MM in #Unicorn-hopeful VC to pay off, it's rate of #extraction can be expected to ramp up in coming years. I know #Gratipay seems like it has some of the pieces (but is still a ways off); anyone aware of other promising #platformcoop versions?
I think we are moving away from #UserOwned . (Some folk pointed out we should use word "member" instead of "user" and I like it a lot).
If so many people rely on #Patreon where should the influx of the external money come from? Won't the providers become real owners?
It depends on how the #investment #capital is structured - the #coop movement has a fair amount of experience w/ being able to take outside investment while keeping capital subordinate to use. The #EqualExchange #workercoop has been an innovator in the US with their use of non-voting preferred shares that received a dividend, but not capital gain: https://equalexchange.coop/how-equal-exchange-aligns-our-capital-with-our-mission
A healthy #coop model (if understand it correctly) is that all members provide a bearable, equivalent contribution towards the common goal. (Please correct me if needed)
If money shifting comes from individual members to individual members we immediately create two classes of donors and beggars. And there is no place for cooperative decision making (with its advantages/disadvantages).
The key is distribution of voting power, IMHO - so long as all #governance control is exclusively vested in the 1 member, 1 vote co-op shares that provide return on patronage (not capital), then outside equity in a #coop behaves more or less like #SubordinatedDebt.
Suppose I am a major donor contributing to 100 community members. I don't consider myself external, I just want to be a member of community who happens to have a good job and I have 1 vote. But suppose I get grumpy after few stupid decision of the unexperienced community members and just cancel my support. I am exercising power!
Two roles to consider:
1. Donor: You're a user of the platform who pays to support creators. If the platform is a creator-owned #coop, then you wouldn't be a member. If it's a donor-owned co-op, you would be be. In the latter case, you'd get a slice of the profits based your donation total (pro-rated). If the former, that slice goes to the creators based on amount they received.
2. Investor: you buy investor shares that pay a limited dividend from 1st slice of profit, and can be retired at the discretion of the co-op's board. You can't simply withdraw these shares on a whim, but are structured as a long-term investment with a moderate return that will, if the co-op does well, be bought back to move the co-op towards distribution of all profits based on use.
This investor thing reminds me a legal form of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kommanditgesellschaft a very popular form of incorporation here in Europe.
I consider myself an adopter of this technology who likes to tinker. I have already submitted a pull request on Github so my profile is marked "contributor". On the other hand, I have sent some contributions to some members of the community doing useful things (at my whim).
Am I a donor? If yes, then I can only be a non-member user in creator owned one, so where that #UserOwned thing?
However, most co-ops pick a single stakeholder group, even when they have multiple roles. An analogue for this situation might be a #creditunion - some people are net depositors & some are net borrowers, but the governance rights are rooted in the deposit of a nominal sum (share).
Reading http://www.fairshares.coop/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/V2-0a-ModelArticlesOfAssociation-Master.pdf - the only piece of "meat" I could find on their website.
@ntnsndr @KevinCarson1 @mayel @saper Basically, outside investors get their limited return on capital (say, 5%) until the user-members decide to allocate some of their additional surplus to buying out the investors, which the #coop may do @ any time. Over time, if successful, the #investor class' "hired capital" is drawn extinguished and the coop distributes its full surplus as #patronage.
Good doc covering some of this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfaFriFAz1k
I am afraid we are talking about different things :( sorry I can't make myself a bit more clear.
@ntnsndr Actually, we've recently added an open invoice system for transparent accounting, but it's not finished yet and it's only enabled for our own use. See https://github.com/liberapay/liberapay.com/issues/505
Regarding anonymity, we're still planning to relax it, but maybe not as much as you want. If knowing who a payment comes from is a strict requirement, then that payment is probably not a donation.
social.coop is a cooperatively-run corner of the Fediverse. The instance is democratically governed by its members, who generally share an interest in the co-op model, but topics of discussion range widely.
Our instance is supported by sliding scale contributions of $1-10/mo made via Open Collective. You must have an active Open Collective account to apply for membership; you may set one up here